中华人民共和国著作权法(附英文)

中华人民共和国著作权法(附英文)

【颁布单位】全国人大常委会
【颁布日期】 19900907
【实施日期】 19910601
【内容分类】工业、知识产权法


                         中华人民共和国著作权法 (1990年9月7日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十五次会议通过1990年9月7日中华人民共和国主席令第三十一号公布  1991年6月1日起施                                  行)                                  全文    《中华人民共和国著作权法》已由中华人民共和国第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十五次会议于1990年9月7日通过,现予公布,自1991年6月1日起施行。                        中华人民共和国主席  杨尚昆                                1990年9月7日                                 目  录    第一章  总  则第二章  著作权  第一节  著作权人及其权利  第二节  著作权归属  第三节  权利的保护期  第四节  权利的限制第三章  著作权许可使用合同第四章  出版、表演、录音录像、播放  第一节  图书、报刊的出版  第二节  表  演  第三节  录音录像  第四节  广播电台、电视台播放第五章  法律责任第六章  附  则                             第一章  总  则    第一条  为保护文学、艺术和科学作品作者的著作权,以及与著作权有关的权益,鼓励有益于社会主义精神文明、物质文明建设的作品的创作和传播,促进社会主义文化和科学事业的发展与繁荣,根据宪法制定本法。    第二条  中国公民、法人或者非法人单位的作品,不论是否发表,依照本法享有著作权。    外国人的作品首先在中国境内发表的,依照本法享有著作权。    外国人在中国境内发表的作品,根据其所属国同中国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约享有的著作权,受本法保护。    第三条  本法所称的作品,包括以下列形式创作的文学、艺术和自然科学、社会科学、工程技术等作品:    (一)文字作品;    (二)口述作品;    (三)音乐、戏剧、曲艺、舞蹈作品;    (四)美术、摄影作品;    (五)电影、电视、录像作品;    (六)工程设计、产品设计图纸及其说明;    (七)地图、示意图等图形作品;    (八)计算机软件;    (九)法律、行政法规规定的其他作品。    第四条  依法禁止出版、传播的作品,不受本法保护。    著作权人行使著作权,不得违反宪法和法律,不得损害公共利益。    第五条  本法不适用于:    (一)法律、法规,国家机关的决议、决定、命令和其他具有立法、行政、司法性质的文件,及其官方正式译文;    (二)时事新闻;    (三)历法、数表、通用表格和公式。    第六条  民间文学艺术作品的著作权保护办法由国务院另行规定。    第七条  科学技术作品中应当由专利法、技术合同法等法律保护的,适用专利法、技术合同法等法律的规定。    第八条  国务院著作权行政管理部门主管全国的著作权管理工作;各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府的著作权行政管理部门主管本行政区域的著作权管理工作。[page]                             第二章  著作权                            第一节  著作权人及其权利    第九条  著作权人包括:    (一)作者;    (二)其他依照本法享有著作权的公民、法人或者非法人单位。    第十条  著作权包括下列人身权和财产权:    (一)发表权,即决定作品是否公之于众的权利;    (二)署名权,即表明作者身份,在作品上署名的权利;    (三)修改权,即修改或者授权他人修改作品的权利;    (四)保护作品完整权,即保护作品不受歪曲、篡改的权利;    (五)使用权和获得报酬权,即以复制、表演、播放、展览、发行、摄制电影、电视、录像或者改编、翻译、注释、编辑等方式使用作品的权利;以及许可他人以上述方式使用作品,并由此获得报酬的权利。                           第二节  著作权归属    第十一条  著作权属于作者,本法另有规定的除外。    创作作品的公民是作者。    由法人或者非法人单位主持,代表法人或者非法人单位意志创作,并由法人或者非法人单位承担责任的作品,法人或者非法人单位视为作者。    如无相反证明,在作品上署名的公民、法人或者非法人单位为作者。    第十二条  改编、翻译、注释、整理已有作品而产生的作品,其著作权由改编、翻译、注释、整理人享有,但行使著作权时,不得侵犯原作品的著作权。    第十三条  两人以上合作创作的作品,著作权由合作作者共同享有。没有参加创作的人,不能成为合作作者。    合作作品可以分割使用的,作者对各自创作的部分可以单独享有著作权,但行使著作权时不得侵犯合作作品整体的著作权。    第十四条  编辑作品由编辑人享有著作权,但行使著作权时,不得侵犯原作品的著作权。    编辑作品中可以单独使用的作品的作者有权单独行使其著作权。    第十五条  电影、电视、录像作品的导演、编剧、作词、作曲、摄影等作者享有署名权,著作权的其他权利由制作电影、电视、录像作品的制片者享有。    电影、电视、录像作品中剧本、音乐等可以单独使用的作品的作者有权单独行使其著作权。    第十六条  公民为完成法人或者非法人单位工作任务所创作的作品是职务作品,除本条第二款的规定以外,著作权由作者享有,但法人或者非法人单位有权在其业务范围内优先使用。作品完成两年内,未经单位同意,作者不得许可第三人以与单位使用的相同方式使用该作品。    有下列情形之一的职务作品,作者享有署名权,著作权的其他权利由法人或者非法人单位享有,法人或者非法人单位可以给予作者奖励:    (一)主要是利用法人或者非法人单位的物质技术条件创作,并由法人或者非法人单位承担责任的工程设计、产品设计图纸及其说明、计算机软件、地图等职务作品;    (二)法律、行政法规规定或者合同约定著作权由法人或者非法人单位享有的职务作品。    第十七条  受委托创作的作品,著作权的归属由委托人和受托人通过合同约定。合同未作明确约定或者没有订立合同的,著作权属于受托人。    第十八条  美术等作品原件所有权的转移,不视为作品著作权的转移,但美术作品原件的展览权由原件所有人享有。    第十九条  著作权属于公民的,公民死亡后,其作品的使用权和获得报酬权在本法规定的保护期内,依照继承法的规定转移。    著作权属于法人或者非法人单位的,法人或者非法人单位变更、终止后,其作品的使用权和获得报酬权在本法规定的保护期内,由承受其权利义务的法人或者非法人单位享有;没有承受其权利义务的法人或者非法人单位的,由国家享有。[page]                          第三节  权利的保护期    第二十条  作者的署名权、修改权、保护作品完整权的保护期不受限制。    第二十一条  公民的作品,其发表权、使用权和获得报酬权的保护期为作者终生及其死亡后五十年,截止于作者死亡后第五十年的12月31日;如果是合作作品,截止于最后死亡的作者死亡后的第五十年的12月31日。    法人或者非法人单位的作品、著作权(署名权除外)由法人或者非法人单位享有的职务作品,其发表权、使用权和获得报酬权的保护期为五十年,截止于作品首次发表后第五十年的12月31日,但作品自创作完成后五十年内未发表的,本法不再保护。    电影、电视、录像和摄影作品的发表权、使用权和获得报酬权的保护期为五十年,截止于作品首次发表后第五十年的12月31日,但作品自创作完成后五十年内未发表的,本法不再保护。                           第四节  权利的限制    第二十二条  在下列情况下使用作品,可以不经著作权人许可,不向其支付报酬,但应当指明作者姓名、作品名称,并且不得侵犯著作权人依照本法享有的其他权利:    (一)为个人学习、研究或者欣赏,使用他人已经发表的作品;    (二)为介绍、评论某一作品或者说明某一问题,在作品中适当引用他人已经发表的作品;    (三)为报道时事新闻,在报纸、期刊、广播、电视节目或者新闻纪录影片中引用已经发表的作品;    (四)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台刊登或者播放其他报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台已经发表的社论、评论员文章;    (五)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台刊登或者播放在公众集会上发表的讲话,但作者声明不许刊登、播放的除外;    (六)为学校课堂教学或者科学研究,翻译或者少量复制已经发表的作品,供教学或者科研人员使用,但不得出版发行;    (七)国家机关为执行公务使用已经发表的作品;    (八)图书馆、档案馆、纪念馆、博物馆、美术馆等为陈列或者保存版本的需要,复制本馆收藏的作品;    (九)免费表演已经发表的作品;    (十)对设置或者陈列在室外公共场所的艺术作品进行临摹、绘画、摄影、录像;    (十一)将已经发表的汉族文字作品翻译成少数民族文字在国内出版发行;    (十二)将已经发表的作品改成盲文出版。    以上规定适用于对出版者、表演者、录音录像制作者、广播电台、电视台的权利的限制。[page]                       第三章  著作权许可使用合同    第二十三条  使用他人作品应当同著作权人订立合同或者取得许可,本法规定可以不经许可的除外。    第二十四条  合同包括下列主要条款:    (一)许可使用作品的方式;    (二)许可使用的权利是专有使用权或者非专有使用权;    (三)许可使用的范围、期间;    (四)付酬标准和办法;    (五)违约责任;    (六)双方认为需要约定的其他内容。    第二十五条  合同中著作权人未明确许可的权利,未经著作权人许可,另一方当事人不得行使。    第二十六条  合同的有效期限不超过十年。合同期满可以续订。    第二十七条  使用作品的付酬标准由国务院著作权行政管理部门会同有关部门制定。    合同另有约定的,也可以按照合同支付报酬。    第二十八条  出版者、表演者、录音录像制作者、广播电台、电视台等依照本法取得他人的著作权使用权的,不得侵犯作者的署名权、修改权、保护作品完整权和获得报酬权。[page]                   第四章  出版、表演、录音录像、播放                            第一节  图书、报刊的出版    第二十九条  图书出版者出版图书应当和著作权人订立出版合同,并支付报酬。    第三十条  图书出版者对著作权人交付出版的作品,在合同约定期间享有专有出版权。合同约定图书出版者享有专有出版权的期限不得超过十年,合同期满可以续订。    图书出版者在合同约定期间享有的专有出版权受法律保护,他人不得出版该作品。    第三十一条  著作权人应当按照合同约定期限交付作品。图书出版者应当按照合同约定的出版质量、期限出版图书。    图书出版者不按照合同约定期限出版,应当依照本法第四十七条的规定承担民事责任。    图书出版者重印、再版作品的,应当通知著作权人,并支付报酬。图书脱销后,图书出版者拒绝重印、再版的,著作权人有权终止合同。    第三十二条  著作权人向报社、杂志社投稿的,自稿件发出之日起十五日内未收到报社通知决定刊登的,或者自稿件发出之日起三十日内未收到杂志社通知决定刊登的,可以将同一作品向其他报社、杂志社投稿。双方另有约定的除外。    作品刊登后,除著作权人声明不得转载、摘编的外,其他报刊可以转载或者作为文摘、资料刊登,但应当按照规定向著作权人支付报酬。    第三十三条  图书出版者经作者许可,可以对作品修改、删节。    报社、杂志社可以对作品作文字性修改、删节,对内容的修改,应当经作者许可。    第三十四条  出版改编、翻译、注释、整理、编辑已有作品而产生的作品,应当向改编、翻译、注释、整理、编辑作品的著作权人和原作品的著作权人支付报酬。[page]                              第二节  表演    第三十五条  表演者(演员、演出单位)使用他人未发表的作品演出,应当取得著作权人许可,并支付报酬。    表演者使用他人已发表的作品进行营业性演出,可以不经著作权人许可,但应当按照规定支付报酬;著作权人声明不许使用的不得使用。    表演者使用改编、翻译、注释、整理已有作品而产生的作品进行营业性演出,应当按照规定向改编、翻译、注释、整理作品的著作权人和原作品的著作权人支付报酬。    表演者为制作录音录像和广播、电视节目进行表演使用他人作品的,适用本法第三十七条、第四十条的规定。    第三十六条  表演者对其表演享有下列权利:    (一)表明表演者身份;    (二)保护表演者形象不受歪曲;    (三)许可他人从现场直播;    (四)许可他人为营利目的录音录像,并获得报酬。[page]                            第三节  录音录像    第三十七条  录音制作者使用他人未发表的作品制作录音制品,应当取得著作权人的许可,并支付报酬。使用他人已发表的作品制作录音制品,可以不经著作权人许可,但应当按照规定支付报酬;著作权人声明不许使用的不得使用。    录像制作者使用他人作品制作录像制品,应当取得著作权人的许可,并支付报酬。    录音录像制作者使用改编、翻译、注释、整理已有作品而产生的作品,应当向改编、翻译、注释、整理作品的著作权人和原作品的著作权人支付报酬。    第三十八条  录音录像制作者制作录音录像制品,应当同表演者订立合同,并支付报酬。    第三十九条  录音录像制作者对其制作的录音录像制品,享有许可他人复制发行并获得报酬的权利。该权利的保护期为五十年,截止于该制品首次出版后第五十年的12月31日。    被许可复制发行的录音录像制作者还应当按照规定向著作权人和表演者支付报酬。                      第四节  广播电台、电视台播放    第四十条  广播电台、电视台使用他人未发表的作品制作广播、电视节目,应当取得著作权人的许可,并支付报酬。    广播电台、电视台使用他人已发表的作品制作广播、电视节目,可以不经著作权人许可,但著作权人声明不许使用的不得使用;并且除本法规定可以不支付报酬的以外,应当按照规定支付报酬。    广播电台、电视台使用改编、翻译、注释、整理已有作品而产生的作品制作广播、电视节目,应当向改编、翻译、注释、整理作品的著作权人和原作品的著作权人支付报酬。    第四十一条  广播电台、电视台制作广播、电视节目,应当同表演者订立合同,并支付报酬。    第四十二条  广播电台、电视台对其制作的广播、电视节目,享有下列权利:    (一)播放;    (二)许可他人播放,并获得报酬;    (三)许可他人复制发行其制作的广播、电视节目,并获得报酬。    前款规定的权利的保护期为五十年,截止于该节目首次播放后第五十年的12月31日。    被许可复制发行的录音录像制作者还应当按照规定向著作权人和表演者支付报酬。    第四十三条  广播电台、电视台非营业性播放已经出版的录音制品,可以不经著作权人、表演者、录音制作者许可,不向其支付报酬。    第四十四条  电视台播放他人的电影、电视和录像,应当取得电影、电视制片者和录像制作者的许可,并支付报酬。                            第五章  法律责任    第四十五条  有下列侵权行为的,应当根据情况,承担停止侵害、消除影响、公开赔礼道歉、赔偿损失等民事责任:    (一)未经著作权人许可,发表其作品的;    (二)未经合作作者许可,将与他人合作创作的作品当作自己单独创作的作品发表的;    (三)没有参加创作,为谋取个人名利,在他人作品上署名的;    (四)歪曲、篡改他人作品的;    (五)未经著作权人许可,以表演、播放、展览、发行、摄制电影、电视、录像或者改编、翻译、注释、编辑等方式使用作品的,本法另有规定的除外;    (六)使用他人作品,未按照规定支付报酬的;    (七)未经表演者许可,从现场直播其表演的;    (八)其他侵犯著作权以及与著作权有关的权益的行为。    第四十六条  有下列侵权行为的,应当根据情况,承担停止侵害、消除影响、公开赔礼道歉、赔偿损失等民事责任,并可以由著作权行政管理部门给予没收非法所得、罚款等行政处罚:    (一)剽窃、抄袭他人作品的;    (二)未经著作权人许可,以营利为目的,复制发行其作品的;    (三)出版他人享有专有出版权的图书的;    (四)未经表演者许可,对其表演制作录音录像出版的;    (五)未经录音录像制作者许可,复制发行其制作的录音录像的;    (六)未经广播电台、电视台许可,复制发行其制作的广播、电视节目的;    (七)制作、出售假冒他人署名的美术作品的。    第四十七条  当事人不履行合同义务或者履行合同义务不符合约定条件的,应当依照民法通则有关规定承担民事责任。    第四十八条  著作权侵权纠纷可以调解,调解不成或者调解达成协议后一方反悔的,可以向人民法院起诉。当事人不愿调解的,也可以直接向人民法院起诉。    第四十九条  著作权合同纠纷可以调解,也可以依据合同中的仲裁条款或者事后达成的书面仲裁协议,向著作权仲裁机构申请仲裁。    对于仲裁裁决,当事人应当履行。当事人一方不履行仲裁裁决的,另一方可以申请人民法院执行。    受申请的人民法院发现仲裁裁决违法的,有权不予执行。人民法院不予执行的,当事人可以就合同纠纷向人民法院起诉。    当事人没有在合同中订立仲裁条款,事后又没有书面仲裁协议的,可以直接向人民法院起诉。    第五十条  当事人对行政处罚不服的,可以在收到行政处罚决定书三个月内向人民法院起诉,期满不起诉又不履行的,著作权行政管理部门可以申请人民法院执行。                             第六章  附  则    第五十一条  本法所称的著作权与版权系同义语。    第五十二条  本法所称的复制,指以印刷、复印、临摹、拓印、录音、录像、翻录、翻拍等方式将作品制作一份或者多份的行为。    按照工程设计、产品设计图纸及其说明进行施工、生产工业品,不属于本法所称的复制。    第五十三条  计算机软件的保护办法由国务院另行规定。    第五十四条  本法的实施条例由国务院著作权行政管理部门制定,报国务院批准后施行。    第五十五条  本法规定的著作权人和出版者、表演者、录音录像制作者、广播电台、电视台的权利,在本法施行之日尚未超过本法规定的保护期的,依照本法予以保护。    本法施行前发生的侵权或者违约行为,依照侵权或者违约行为发生时的有关规定和政策处理。    第五十六条  本法自1991年6月1日起施行。          COPYRIGHT LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA [*1][page]                                                          Important Notice: (注意事项)        英文本源自中华人民共和国务院法制局编译, 中国法制出版社出版的《中华人民共和国涉外法规汇编》(1991年7月版).    当发生歧意时, 应以法律法规颁布单位发布的中文原文为准.This  English document is coming from the  "LAWS  AND  REGULATIONS  OF THEPEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF  CHINA  GOVERNING  FOREIGN-RELATED  MATTERS" (1991.7)which  is  compiled  by  the  Brueau  of  Legislative Affairs of the StateCouncil of  the  People's Republic of China, and is published by the ChinaLegal System Publishing House.In case of discrepancy, the original version in Chinese shall prevail.                        Whole Document (法规全文)    COPYRIGHT LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA [*1](Adopted at the 15th Meeting of  the  Standing  Committee  of  theSeventh National People's Congress on September 7,  1990,  promulgated  byOrder No. 31 of the  President  of  the  People's  Republic  of  China  onSeptember 7, 1990, and effective as of June 1, 1991)                                Contents    Chapter I     General ProvisionsChapter II    Copyright              Section 1 Copyright Owners and Their Rights              Section 2 Ownership of Copyright              Section 3 Term of Protection of Rights              Section 4 Limitations on RightsChapter III   Copyright Licensing ContractsChapter IV    Publication, Performance, Sound Recording, Video Recording              and Broadcasting              Section 1 Publication of Books, Newspapers and Periodicals              Section 2 Performance              Section 3 Sound Recording and Video Recording              Section 4 Broadcasting by Radio Station or Television              StationChapter V     Legal LiabilityChapter VI    Supplementary Provisions                      Chapter I General Provisions[page]    Article 1This Law is enacted, in accordance with the Constitution for the  purposesof protecting the copyright of authors in  their  literary,  artistic  andscientific works  and  rights  and  interests  related  to  copyright,  ofencouraging the creation and dissemination of works which would contributeto the building of an advanced  socialist  culture  and  ideology  and  tosocialist material development,  and  of  promoting  the  development  andflourishing of socialist culture and sciences.Article 2Works of  Chinese  citizens,  legal  persons  or  entities  without  legalpersonality, whether published or not, shall enjoy copyright in accordancewith this Law.  Works of foreigners first published in  the  territory  ofthe People's Republic of China shall enjoy copyright  in  accordance  withthis Law.Any work of a foreigner published outside the territory  of  the  People'sRepublic of China which is eligible to enjoy copyright under an  agreementconcluded between the country to which the foreigner belongs and China, orunder an international treaty to which both countries are  parties,  shallbe protected in accordance with this Law.Article 3For  the  purpose  of  this  Law,  the  term  "works"  includes  works  ofliterature, art, natural science, social science,  engineering  technologyand the like which are created in the following forms:(1) written works;(2) oral works;(3) musical, dramatic, quyi and choreographic works;(4) Works of fine art and photographic works;(5) cinematographic, television and video-graphic works;(6) drawings of engineering designs and product designs, and  descriptionsthereof;(7) maps, sketches and other graphic works;(8) computer software;(9) other works as provided  for  in  law  and  administrative  rules  andregulations.Article 4Works the publication or distribution of which is prohibited by law  shallnot be protected by this law.Copyright owners, in exercising their copyright,  shall  not  violate  theConstitution or laws or prejudice the public interests.Article 5This law shall not be applicable to:(1) laws; regulations; resolutions, decisions and orders of state organs;other documents of legislative, administrative and  judicial  nature;  andtheir official translations;(2) news on current affairs; and(3) calendars, numerical tables, forms of general use and formulas.   [page] Article 6Measures for the protection of copyright in works of folk  literature  andart shall be established separately by the State Council.Article 7Where any scientific or technological work is protected under  the  PatentLaw, the Law on Technology Contracts or similar laws,  the  provisions  ofthose laws shall apply.Article 8The copyright administration department under the State Council  shall  beresponsible for the nationwide administration of copyright. The  copyrightadministration department under the people's government of each  province,autonomous region and municipality directly under the  Central  Governmentshall be responsible for the administration of copyright in its respectiveadministrative area.                          Chapter II Copyright    Section 1 Copyright Owners and Their RightsArticle 9The term "copyright owners" shall include:(1) authors; and(2) other citizens, legal persons and entities without  legal  personalityenjoying copyright in accordance with this Law.Article 10The term "copyright" shall  include  the  following  personal  rights  andproperty rights:(1) the right of publication, that is, the right to decide whether to makea work available to the public;(2) the right of authorship, that is, the right to claim authorship and tohave the author's name indicated on his works;(3) the right of alternation, that is, the right  to  alter  or  authorizeothers to alter one's work;(4) the right of integrity, that is,  the  right  to  protect  one's  workagainst distortion and mutilation;(5) the right of exploitation and the right to remuneration, that is,  theright of exploiting one's work  by  means  of  reproduction,  performance,broadcasting, exhibition distribution, making cinematographic,  televisionor video production, adaptation, translation, annotation, compilation  andthe like, and the right of authorizing others to exploit one's work by theabove-mentioned means, and of receiving remuneration therefor.    Section 2 Ownership of CopyrightArticle 11Except where otherwise provided in this Law, the copyright in a work shallbelong to its author.The author of a work is the citizen who has created the work.Where a work is created according to the will and  under  the  sponsorshipand the responsibility of a legal or  entity  without  legal  personality,such legal person or entity without legal personality shall be  deemed  tobe the author of the work.  The citizen, legal person  or  entity  withoutlegal personality whose name is indicated on a work shall, in the  absenceof proof to the  contrary,  be  deemed  to  be  the  author  of  the  workArticle 12Where  a  work  is  created  by  adaptation,  translation,  annotation  orarrangement of a pre-existing work, the copyright in the work thus createdshall be enjoyed by the adaptor, translator or arranger, provided that theexercise of such copyright  shall  not  prejudice  the  copyright  in  theoriginal work.    Article 13Where a work is created jointly by two or more co-authors,  the  copyrightin the work shall be enjoyed jointly by those co-authors. Any  person  whohas not participated in the creation of the work may  not  claim  the  co-authorship.If a work of joint authorship can be separated into independent parts  andexploited separately,  each  co-author  may  be  entitled  to  independentcopyright in the parts that he has created, provided that the exercise  ofsuch copyright shall not prejudice the copyright in the joint  work  as  awhole.Article 14The copyright in a work created by compilation shall  be  enjoyed  by  thecompiler, provided that the exercise of such copyright shall not prejudicethe copyright in the preexisting works included in the compilation.The authors of such works included in a compilation as  can  be  exploitedseparately shall be entitled to exercise their copyright  in  their  worksindependently.Article 15The  director,  screenwriter,  lyricist,  composer,  cameraman  and  otherauthors of a cinematographic, television or video-graphic work shall enjoythe right of authorship in the work, while the other  rights  included  inthe copyright shall be enjoyed by the producer of the work.The authors of screenplay, musical works and other works that are includedin  a  cinematographic,  television  or  video-graphic  work  and  can  beexploited  separately  shall  be  entitled  to  exercise  their  copyrightindependently.Article 16A work created by a citizen in the fulfillment of tasks assigned to him bya legal person or entity without legal personality shall be deemed to be awork created in the course of employment. The copyright  in  such  a  workshall, subject to the provisions of the second paragraph of this  Article,be enjoyed by the author, provided that the legal person or entity withoutlegal personality shall have a right  of  priority  to  exploit  the  workwithin the scope of its professional  activities.  During  the  two  yearsafter the completion of the work, the author may not, without the  consentof the legal person or entity without legal personality, authorize a thirdparty to exploit the work int the same way as the legal person  or  entitywithout legal personality does.  The author  of  a  work  created  in  thecourse of employment in one of the following circumstances shall enjoy theright of authorship, while  the  legal  person  or  entity  without  legalpersonality shall enjoy the other rights included in the copyright and mayreward the author:(1) drawings of engineering designs and product designs  and  descriptionsthereof; computer software; maps and other works created in the course  ofemployment mainly with the material and technical resources of  the  legalperson or entity without legal personality and under its responsibility;(2) works created in the course of employment where the copyright  is,  inaccordance with laws, administrative rules and  regulations  or  contractsconcerned,  enjoyed  by  the  legal  person  or   entity   without   legalpersonality.    Article 17The ownership of copyright in a commissioned work shall be agreed upon  ina contract between the commissioning and the commissioned parties. In  theabsence of a contract or of an explicit agreement  in  the  contract,  thecopyright in such a work shall belong to the commissioned party.Article 18The transfer of ownership of the original copy of a work of fine  art,  orother works, shall not be deemed to include the transfer of the  copyrightin such work, provided that the right to exhibit the original  copy  of  awork of fine art shall be enjoyed by the owner of such original copy.Article 19Where the copyright  in  a  work  belongs  to  a  citizen,  the  right  ofexploitation and the right to remuneration in respect of the  work  shall,after his death, during the term of protection provided for in  this  Law,be transferred in accordance with the provisions of the Law of Succession.Where the copyright in a work belongs to a legal person or entity  withoutlegal personality, the right of exploitation and the right to remunerationshall, after the change or the termination of the legal person  or  entitywithout legal personality, during the term of protection provided  for  inthis Law, be enjoyed by the succeeding  legal  person  or  entity  withoutlegal  personality  which  has  taken  over  the   former's   rights   andobligations, or, in the absence of such a successor entity, by the state. [page]   Section 3 Term of Protection of RightsArticle 20The term of protection  of  the  rights  of  authorship,  alteration,  andintegrity of an author shall be unlimited.Article 21The term  of  protection  of  the  right  of  publication,  the  right  ofexploitation and the right to remuneration in  respect  of  a  work  of  acitizen shall be the life time of the author and  fifty  years  after  hisdeath, expiring on December 31 of the fiftieth year after  his  death.  Inthe case of a work of joint authorship, such term shall expire on December31 of the fiftieth year after the death of the last surviving author.  Theterm of protection of the right of publication, the right of  exploitationand the right to remuneration in respect of a  work  where  the  copyrightbelongs to a legal person or  entity  without  legal  personality,  or  inrespect of a work created in the course  of  employment  where  the  legalperson or entity without legal personality enjoys  the  copyright  (exceptthe right of authorship), shall be fifty years, expiring on December 31 ofthe fiftieth year after the first publication of such work, provided  thatany such work that has not been published within  fifty  years  after  thecompletion of its creation shall no longer be protected under this Law.The term  of  protection  of  the  right  of  publication,  the  right  ofexploitation  and  the   right   to   remuneration   in   respect   of   acinematographic, television, video-graphic or photographic work  shall  befifty years, expiring on December 31 of the fiftieth year after the  firstpublication of such work, provided that any such work that  has  not  beenpublished within fifty years after the completion of its creation shall nolonger be protected under this Law.    Section 4 Limitations on RightsArticle 22In the following cases, a work may be used without  permission  from,  andwithout payment of remuneration to, the copyright owner, provided that thename of the author and the title of the work shall be  indicated  and  theother rights enjoyed by the copyright owner by virtue of  this  Law  shallnot be prejudiced:(1) use of a published work of others for the user's  own  private  study,research or self entertainment;(2) appropriate quotation from a published work of others  in  one's  workfor  the  purposes  of  introduction  to,  or  comment  on,  a  work,   ordemonstration of a point;(3) use of a published work in newspapers, periodicals, radio  programmes,television programmes or newsreels for the purpose  of  reporting  currentaffairs;(4) reprinting by newspapers or periodicals, or  rebroadcasting  by  radiostations or television stations, of editorials or  commentator's  articlespublished by other newspapers, periodicals, radio stations  or  televisionstations;(5) publication in newspapers or periodicals,  or  broadcasting  by  radiostations or television  stations,  of  a  speech  delivered  at  a  publicgathering, except where the author has declared that  the  publication  orbroadcasting is not permitted;(6) translation or reproduction in  a  small  quantity  of  copies,  of  apublished work for use by teachers or scientific researchers, in classroomteaching  or  scientific  research,  provided  that  the  translation   orreproduction shall not be published or distributed;(7) use of a published work by a state organ for the purpose of performingits official duties;(8) reproduction of a work in its collections by a  library,  an  archivescenter,  a  memorial  hall,  a  museum,  an  art  gallery  or  a   similarinstitution, for the purposes of display, or preservation of  a  copy,  ofthe work;(9) free performance of a published work;(10) copying, drawing, photographing, or video recording  of  an  artisticwork located or on display in an outdoor public place;(11) translation of  a  published  work  from  the  language  of  the  Hannationality  into  minority  nationality  languages  for  publication  anddistribution in the country;(12) transliteration of a published work into Braille and  publication  ofthe work so transliterated.The above limitations on rights shall be applicable also to the rights  ofpublishers,  performers,  producers  of   sound   recordings   and   videorecordings, radio stations and television stations.                Chapter III Copyright Licensing Contracts    Article 23Anyone who exploits a work  created  by  others  shall,  except  where  nopermission is required in accordance with  the  provisions  of  this  Law,conclude a  contract  with,  or  otherwise  obtain  permission  from,  thecopyright owner.Article 24A contract shall include the following basic clauses:(1) the manner of exploitation of the work covered by the license;(2) the exclusive or nonexclusive nature of the right to exploit the  workcovered by the license;(3) the scope and term of the license;(4) the amount of remuneration and the method of its payment;(5) the liability for breach of contract; and(6) any other matter which the contracting parties consider necessary.Article 25Without permission from the  copyright  owner,  the  other  party  to  thecontract shall not exercise the right which the copyright  owner  has  notexplicitly licensed in the contract.Article 26The term of validity of  a  contract  shall  not  exceed  ten  years.  Thecontract may be renewed on expiration of that term.Article 27The tariffs of  remuneration  for  the  exploitation  of  works  shall  beestablished by the copyright administration  department  under  the  StateCouncil jointly with other departments concerned.Where otherwise agreed to in a  contract,  remuneration  may  be  paid  inaccordance with the terms of the said contract.Article 28Publishers,  performers,  producers  of   sound   recordings   and   videorecordings, radio stations, television stations and other entities who  orwhich have, pursuant to this  Law,  obtained  the  right  of  exploitationincluded in the copyright of others, shall  not  prejudice  such  authors'rights  of  authorship,  alteration,  integrity   and   their   right   toremuneration.[page]  Chapter IV Publication, Performance, Sound Recording, Video Recor- di                           ng and Broadcasting    Section 1 Publication of Books, Newspapers and PeriodicalsArticle 29A book publisher who publishes a book shall conclude a publishing contractwith, and pay remuneration to, the copyright owner.Article 30A book publisher shall, during the term of the contract, have an exclusiveright to publish  the  work  delivered  to  him  for  publication  by  thecopyright owner. The term of the exclusive  right  to  publish  the  work,enjoyed by the book publisher as specified  in  the  contract,  shall  notexceed ten years. The contract may be renewed on expiration of that term.The exclusive right to publish a work enjoyed by the book publisher shall,during the term specified in the contract, be protected by  law,  and  thework may not be published by others.Article 31The copyright owner shall deliver the work to  the  publisher  within  thetime limit specified in the contract. The book publisher shall publish thework according to the quality  requirements  and  within  the  time  limitspecified in the contract.   The  book  publisher  shall  bear  the  civilliability in accordance with the provisions of Article 47 of this  Law  ifhe fails to publish the work  within  the  time  limit  specified  in  thecontract.The book publisher shall notify, and pay remuneration  to,  the  copyrightowner when the work is  to  be  reprinted  or  republished.  If  the  bookpublisher refuses to reprint or republish the work when the stocks of  thebook are exhausted, the copyright owner shall have the right to  terminatethe contract.Article 32Where a copyright owner has submitted the manuscript  of  his  work  to  anewspaper or a periodical publisher for publication and has  not  receivedany notification of the said publisher's decision  to  publish  the  work,within fifteen days from the newspaper publisher  or  within  thirty  daysfrom  the  periodical  publisher  from  the  date  of  submission  of  themanuscript, the copyright owner may submit the manuscript of the same workto another newspaper or periodical publisher for  publication  unless  thetwo parties have agreed otherwise.After a work is published in a newspaper or a periodical, other  newspaperor periodical publisher may, except where the copyright owner has declaredthat reprinting or excerpting is not permitted, reprint the work or  printan abstract of it or print  it  as  reference  material,  but  such  otherpublishers shall pay remuneration to the copyright owner as prescribed  inregulations.    Article 33A book publisher may alter or abridge a work with the  permission  of  thecopyright owner.  A newspaper publisher or periodical publisher  may  makeeditorial modifications and abridgments in a work, but shall not make  anymodifications in the content  of  the  work  unless  permission  has  beenobtained from the author.Article 34When publishing a work created  by  adaptation,  translation,  annotation,arrangement or compilation of a pre-existing work, the publisher shall payremuneration both to the owner of the copyright in  the  work  created  byadaptation, translation, annotation, arrangement or  compilation,  and  tothe owner of the copyright in the original work.    Section 2 PerformanceArticle 35A performer (an individual performer or a performing  troupe)  who  for  aperformance exploits an unpublished work created by  others  shall  obtainpermission from, and pay remuneration to, the copyright owner.A performer who for a commercial performance  exploits  a  published  workcreated by others does not need permission from, but shall, as  prescribedby regulations, pay remuneration to the copyright owner; such  work  shallnot be  exploited  where  the  copyright  owner  has  declared  that  suchexploitation is not permitted.A performer who for a commercial performance exploits a  work  created  byadaptation, translation, annotation or arrangement of a pre-existing  workshall pay remuneration both to the owner of  the  copyright  in  the  workcreated by adaptation, translation, annotation or arrangement and  to  theowner of the copyright in the original work. Where a performer performs  awork created by others for the purpose of  producing  a  sound  recording,video recording, radio programme or television programme,  the  provisionsof Article 37 and 40 of this Law shall apply.Article 36A performer shall, in relation to his performance, enjoy the right:(1) to claim performership;(2) to protect the image inherent in his performance from distortion;(3) to authorize others to make live broadcasts; and(4) to authorize others to make sound recordings and video recordings  forcommercial purposes, and to receive remuneration therefor.    Section 3 Sound Recording and Video RecordingArticle 37A producer of  sound  recordings  who,  for  the  production  of  a  soundrecording, exploits an unpublished work created  by  others  shall  obtainpermission from, and pay remuneration to, the copyright owner. A  producerof sound recordings who, for the production of a sound recording, exploitsa published work created by others, does not  need  permission  from,  butshall, as prescribed by regulations, pay remuneration  to,  the  copyrightowner; such work shall not be exploited  where  the  copyright  owner  hasdeclared that such exploitation is not permitted.A producer of  video  recordings  who,  for  the  production  of  a  videorecording, exploits a work created by others shall obtain permission from,and pay remuneration to, the copyright owner.A producer of sound recordings or video recordings  who  exploits  a  workcreated by adaptation, translation, annotation or arrangement  of  a  pre-existing work shall pay remuneration both to the owner of the copyright inthe work created by adaptation, translation,  annotation  or  arrangement,and to the owner of the copyright in the original work.Article 38When producing a sound recording or video recording,  the  producer  shallconclude a contract with, a


 

版权所有:南京新模范马路5号科技创新大楼B座508
地址:中国·南京·南京新模范马路5号科技创新大楼A座16    邮编:210024
电话:025-83172202 传真:025-83172202   电子邮箱:njtech@jszy.njtech.edu.cn
苏ICP备12345678号